In December 2002, the Information Sharing Subcommittee of the Music Library Association's Reference and Public Services Committee (RAPS) created and conducted a survey of virtual reference activity in music libraries. For purposes of the survey, virtual reference was defined to include e-mail reference, queries via a Web-based form, live chat, live voice chat, and any other electronically mediated reference interaction between a music librarian and a library patron. Following a discussion of the published literature on the topic, this article reports the survey findings.
Anna Harriet Heyer (1909-2002) first achieved profession-wide recognition in 1957 with the publication of her groundbreaking bibliography, Historical Sets, Collected Editions, and Monuments of Music: A Guide to their Contents. Doubtless she was not the only person influenced by Kinkeldey's 1937 article in the ALA Bulletin, which offered the first guidelines for appropriate education for music librarianship; beyond his influence on her education, he redesigned her Historical Sets to reflect post-World War II needs and aided in its compilation. Except for [the input of] distant colleagues, she worked in isolation, the only music librarian in Texas, indeed that part of the country.
Jazz musicians depend on intercommunication to achieve and maintain a sense of spontaneity. Musicians encourage each other vocally or through their instruments... [t]he connection with an audience is also vocal and visceral. Among musicians themselves, the jam session exists as the central agency for communicating in a common musical language, in an atmosphere of collective spontaneity. Parallels between the sense of community in a jam session and an open forum of discussants are clear--a successful session, like group conversation, depends on courtesy, decorum, and mutual respect as well as open-mindedness and willingness to listen.
The Music Library Association is the
professional association for music
libraries and librarianship in the United
States. Founded in 1931, it has an
international membership of librarians,
musicians, scholars, educators, and
members of the book and music trades.
Complementing the Association’s national
and international activities are eleven
regional chapters that carry out its
programs on the local level.