When citating Notes, use issue no. and the month (spelled in full): Notes 57, no. 2 (December 2000): 347–423.
Yet Ruffo's Sacrae cantiones vulgo motetto is important for what it reveals.
The Easy Duets on Folk Themes for two violins (1945) is a delightful example of the teaching pieces so desperately needed after the war.Digital Technology
Stephen Davison provides the following explanation from the Webopedia:
Use kbps (kilobits per second) as a measure of data transfer speed. Modems, for example are measured in kbps. Data transfer rates are measured using the decimal meaning of K (thus one kbps is 1,000 bits per second). Technically, kbps should be spelled with a lowercase k to indicate that it is decimal, although almost everyone spells it with a capital K. The correct abbreviation for bit is "b."
Data storage, however, is measured using the powers-of-2 meaning of K (thus one KB is 1,024 bytes). "B" is the abbreviation of "byte." Thus:
Treat the system requirements as if it were the collation statement:
"Minimum system requirements: Macintosh System 7.1 or higher, Windows 95/98/NT4 or higher, 8–16 MB RAM minimum (32 MB recommended), 20MB hard disk space (plus 20MB disk space for documentation)."
Foreign Words and Terms as English Words (Italic vs. Roman)"Print. In current usage, the term refers to a copy of a work of art taken from a plate (or other surface) by printing. The former use of the word, to refer to a printed book or journal, is now obsolete; the habit among musicologists of referring to printed music as 'musical prints' should be discouraged." (italics added)
As a general principle, if a foreign word or phrase is in MW11 or Webster's 3d, regard it as Anglicized and use roman (CMS16, 7.52); also, German nouns, if in MW11, are not capitalized:
"In the allegro section, the accelerando reinforces the violin's crescendo into the forte passage."
gesellschaft, not Gesellschaft; lied, lieder, not Lied, Lieder
"In addition to the più lento tempo, the violins also play sul ponticello over pizzicato notes in the cellos."
The passage should be played allegro ma non troppo.
These parts are marked "Stimmen"; the prelude is marked "allegro ma non troppo.""However," (at beginning of a sentence)
Using "However," at the beginning of a sentence, when a contrast is intended, "isn't a grammatical error; it's merely a stylistic lapse, the word But or Yet ordinarily being preferable. The reason is that However—three syllables followed by a comma—is a ponderous way of introducing a contrast, and it leads to unemphatic sentences" (Garner3, s.v. "however").
The Library of Congress uses both music theater and musical theater as subject entries.
The scope note for music theater is based on the NHD definition:
"Here are entered musical works, often small in scale and primarily of the 20th century, that combine elements of music, drama, and sometimes dance in unconventional ways that result in works distinct from traditional forms."
The scope note for musical theater reads:
"Works on the broad area of music in the theater including opera, musical comedy, pantomime, revues, etc., and works about more than one such type." Thus, musical theater includes more than just musicals (i.e., musical comedy) by this definition.
"Breitkopf & Härtel issued its own edition in 1943"—not "Breitkopf & Härtel issued their own edition in 1943."
"Boosey & Hawkes has offices in London and New York"—not "Boosey & Hawkes have offices in London and New York."
MW10 implies that repertory is a preferred use for repertoire except for specific uses. In music, however, there is often a subtle difference between repertoire and repertory. Context often determines the choice between which form to use.
"A list or supply of dramas, operas, pieces, or parts that a company or person is prepared to perform" (MW11).
The complete list or supply of dramas, operas, or musical works available for performance. (MW10). Generally more restrictive than repertory (see below).
A large body of works in a certain genre or style performed at a cathedral, a court, or in a geographical area, such as the the Venetian repertory of concertato Masses and Vespers at St. Marks, the repertory of Italian opera at the Mannheim court, or the repertory of English consort music. In general, repertory implies works performed over a less distinct and usually longer period of time than a repertoire. Thus the context of "repertory" is broader, less specific than "repertoire." (Darwin Scott)
A company that presents several different plays, operas, or pieces usually alternately in the course of a season at ONE theater (MW11).
contrafacted(Grove Music Online)
soloistic(Grove Music Online)
timbral(Grove Music Online)