Notes uses the footnote system of documentation that is commonly used in arts and humanities publications (described in detail in CMS16, chapter 14), NOT the parenthetical author-date system that is commonly used in science and social-sciences publications. In the published article, footnotes will appear at the bottom of the printed page on which they are referenced, but should be submitted to the journal editor as endnotes (i.e., all notes in numerical order at the end of the article).
Notes articles do not normally include bibliographies (unless the article IS a bibliography, as in a bibliographic essay). Full documentation for each work cited should be given in its first appearance in a footnote; subsequent citations should be abbreviated, as described in CMS16, chapter 14.
Adelyn Peck Leverett, "A Paleographical and Repertorial Study of the Manuscript Trento, Castello del Buonconsiglio, 91 (1378)" (Ph.D. diss., Princeton University, 1990), 32–37.
Cited in running text: (Adelyn Peck Leverett, "A Paleographical and Repertorial Study of the Manuscript Trento, Castello del Buonconsiglio, 91 (1378)" [Ph.D. diss., Princeton University, 1990], 32–37).
Aaron I. Cohen, Women in Music: An Encyclopedic Biobibliography, 2d ed. (New York: Books & Music, 1987).
"...whether fiction or faction, poetry or prose, journalism or criticism" (Simon Warner, e-mail message to Tracey Rudnick, 29 March 2004).
(Paul L. Ranzini [managing editor, Recent Researches in American Music, A-R Editions, Inc.], e-mail message to Bob Gilmore, 15 January 2002).
When a projected date of completion is known, use "forthcoming."
When a projected date of completion is unknown, use "in preparation."
Richard Dyer and Norbert Carnovale, "Schuller, Gunther (Alexander)" (rev. 26 November 2003), Grove Music Online, http://www.oxfordmusiconline.com (accessed 25 May 2004). (Note: 2001 date, i.e. Grove Music Online (2001), is dropped because article is revised.)
Mark Tucker and Barry Kernfeld, "Gunther (Alexander) Schuller," Grove Music Online [Jazz, 2002], http://www.oxfordmusiconline.com (accessed 30 May 2013).
Austin Clarkson, "Schuller, Gunther (Alexander)," Grove Music Online [Opera, 1992], http://www.oxfordmusiconline.com (accessed 30 May 2013).
(Imogen Fellinger, "Periodicals" [rev. 29 July 2003], Grove Music Online, http://www.oxfordmusiconline.com [accessed 30 May 2013], at II/2/ii: "United States of America").
(Imogen Fellinger, "Periodicals," Grove Music Online [Opera, 1992], http://www.oxfordmusiconline.com [accessed 30 May 2013], at I/3: "The 19th Century").
There may be some flexibility in form depending upon the context of the citation.
Follow the basic format used for the New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, 2d ed.:Fred Steiner and Martin Marks, "Film Music," in The New Grove Dictionary of American Music (London: Macmillan, 1986), 2:118-25.Richard Crawford, "Porgy and Bess," in The New Grove Dictionary of Opera (London: Macmillan, 1992), 3:1061–63.James Lincoln Collier, "Dixieland," in The New Grove Dictionary of Jazz, 2d ed. (London: Macmillan, 2002), 1:620–23.
Die Musik in Geschichte und Gegenwart (Kassel: Bärenreiter, 1949-86); or Die Musik in Geschichte und Gegenwart, 2d ed. (Kassel: Bärenreiter, 1994–2008), Sachteil, s.v. "xxxxxx," by [author name]. Omit the total number of volumes.
For citations to a specific column of a lengthy article, use the form: Hartmut Krones, "Musik und Rhetorik," in Die Musik in Geschichte und Gegenwart, 2d ed. (Kassel: Bärenreiter, 1994–2008), Sachteil, 6:830.
Note: replace "Sachteil" with "Personenteil" as required.
Farnborough, Hants, Eng.: Gregg International Publishers, 1972 (for Farnborough, Hampshire, England). Note that English county abbreviations may diverge somewhat from the full name, and do not end with a period. For a list of U.K. counties and their abbreviations, see "Postal Counties of the United Kingdom," http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Postal_counties_of_the_United_Kingdom.
Publishers in the U.K. are inconsistent in naming their country of publication (Great Britain: England, Scotland, Wales; Northern Ireland). Use whatever form of country name (if any) is used in the item itself, or in the best available OCLC WorldCat record for it.
|W. W. Norton,not Norton||G. Henle,not Henle|
|Alfred A. Knopf,not Knopf||Carl Fischer,not Fischer|
|Clarendon Press,not Clarendon|
The first occurrence of RISM in an article or other non-citation usage should include the full name as well as the acronym, either RISM (Répertoire international des sources musicales) or Répertoire international des sources musicales (RISM). Note: RISM is a series and is therefore in roman (CMS16, 8.2, 8.174, 14.128).
RISM section, volume, and part nos.: RISM A/I/5, RISM B/IV/5 (use slashes not spaces between the section, volume [roman], and part [arabic] nos.)
RISM no. from Einzeldrucke vor 1800: RISM A/I: H 4005 (Note: Do not use the form RISM H4005 or RISM H-4005). Beware that a few composers, such as Orlando di Lasso, have a specialized numbering system in RISM.
RISM no. from Recueils imprimés xvie–xviie siècles: RISM B/I: 156417 (Note: Do not use the form RISM 1564/17).
RISM no. from Recueils imprimés xviiie siècle: RISM B/II, p. 123
For journal citations, use the following basic format:
[Notes uses issue no. and identifying month (spelled in full) or season, as appropriate, in all citations to facilitate location in online indexes and full-text databases.]
the Boston Globe — BUT — El país (Spain)
Richard Griscom, "How Are You Today?" Notes 53, no. 1 (September 1995): 22–23.Note: CMS16, 14.178, departs from its former usage, and now adds a comma between the concluding punctuation mark and the concluding quote mark. Notes continues with the older practice (no added comma).
Mario Milanca Guzman, "Dislates en la obra Teresa Carreno, de Marta Milinowski," Revista de musica latinoamericana = Latin American Music Review 8, no. 2 (1987): 185–215.In secondary references and in running text, the English title alone may be used.
E. Dobrynina, "'Konek-gorbunok' Rodiona Shchedrina," Sovetskaia muzyka (1960, no. 6): 111–14.When transcribing names and titles from Cyrillic to roman alphabet, use ALA-LC Romanization Tables, http://www.loc.gov/catdir/cpso/roman.html. If an editiion has dual titles (one in Cyrillic and one in English), use whatever English romanization is used in the edition.
The basic format is: Composer, Title, Ensemble, Conductor, Label name and label no. (date of issue, not of performance), recording medium: Richard Strauss, Don Juan, Chicago Symphony Orchestra, cond. Georg Solti, London 35982 (1982), CD. Or within text: (Richard Strauss, Don Juan, Chicago Symphony Orchestra, cond. Georg Solti, London 35982 , CD).
If a historic recording, include also the date of the original performance/recording: Jussi Bjoerling at Carnegie Hall, Jussi Bjoerling (tenor), Frederick Schauwecker (piano), recorded live on 2 March 1958, RCA Victor Gold Seal 60520-2-RG (1991), CD.
Some citations require modification, however, particularly for citing the performers and the title (if generic, or simply a list of the selections on the recording). If the focus of the recording is a performer (say, a vocal recital), the name of the performer may begin the citation. The composer and/or other components may also be omitted if already stated in the prose preceding the citation. Examples (adapted from actual Notes reviews):
Formatted essentially like sound recordings, though additional fields may be desirable, such as producer and/or director, presence of subtitles. Examples:
Benjamin Britten: A Time There Was: A Profile of Benjamin Britten, dir. by Tony Palmer, Kultur D1158 (2006), DVD; originally issued by Kultur in 1980 on VHS.
Angela Hewitt: Bach Performance on the Piano, prod. Ludger Böckenhoff & Nico Heinrich, dir. Uli Aumüller, Hyperion Records DVDA68001 (2008), 2 DVDs. Disc 1: Lecture recital (includes optional subtitles in eight languages); disc 2: Angela Hewitt Live in Concert: J. S. Bach's Partita no. 4 in D Major, BWV 828; Italian Concerto in F Major, BWV 971; Chromatic Fantasy & Fugue in D Minor, BWV 903.
Association of College & Research Libraries, "Framework for Information Literacy in Higher Education" (adopted by the ACRL board, 11 January 2016), http://www.ala.org/acrl/standards/ilframework (accessed 18 May 2016).
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, FamilySearch: Internet Genealogy Service, http://www.familysearch.org (accessed 15 June 2013)
The Music Index, http://www.ebscohost.com/public/music-index (accessed 15 June 2013).
RILM Abstracts of Music Literature, http://www.rilm.org (accessed 15 June 2013).
International Index to Music Periodicals, http://iimp.chadwyck.com (accessed 15 June 2013).
In running text:
There is some flexibility here depending upon the context. Examples:
The Library of Congress has acquired several notable collections, available to researchers in the Performing Arts Reading Room. Additional details about these collections may be found at LC's "Special Collections of the Music Division,"http://www.loc.gov/rr/perform/guide/spcmus.html (accessed 15 June 2013).