The additions of 2000 to the Types of compositions for use in music uniform titles

This document is for historical purposes only. For the current list of types of composition, please see Types of Composition for Use in Authorized Access Points for Music : A Manual for Use with RDA.

This document lists the additions or changes to the list of Types of compositions for use in music uniform titles, the Final report of the Working Group on Types of Compositions. Additions or changes to existing entries are added in bold blue. Deletions are struck out bold. New entries are in plain, black type.

Diacritics

Several diacritics are not available as text, only as images, in Web format. When a term includes a diacritic that is not available, the affected letters in the term will be linked to its image in this section of the document.
  •  These two letters should have a ligature over them.
  •  These two letters should have a ligature over them.
  •  These letters should have a ligature over them.

There should be a miagkii znak (not available as an image) at the apostrophe (representing the miagkii znak) from which this is linked. The miagkii znak occupies a space rather than appearing over a letter. A miagkii znak can appear in the following languages appearing in this document: 

Russian

Use of "double," "triple," etc. in titles of musical works

“ ... it would be a mistake to try to draw any hard and fast conclusions about the treatment of words like "double," "triple," etc. in titles of musical works, since they may have various meanings. In the case of "double concertos," etc., we felt the need for a Music Cataloging Decision because in the past honest differences of opinion had led to inconsistent results. Those who feel that "Double concerto" should not be treated as distinctive argue that "double" implies medium of performance and hence should be omitted from the initial title element under 25.28A, while the majority feel that this is stretching the meaning of "statement of medium of performance" too far. These differences of opinion still exist, but now that we have agreed on a policy and stated it in an MCD we may expect to have more consistency... Titles like "Double quartet" present a rather different situation. Ordinarily a double concerto is indeed a type of concerto, but a double quartet is not a quartet but an octet. Therefore we have never hesitated to treat such titles as distinctive. On the other hand, we seem to have been consistent in treating "Double fugue" as the name of a type of composition... Obviously "double" has an entirely different meaning in this case, one which has no medium-of-performance implications at all. Hence none of us seem to have given serious consideration to treating "double fugue" as distinctive. These different uses of the words "double," "triple," etc., really have little relation to one another, and it would be a mistake, I believe, to try to make any general statement about the use of such words in uniform titles..."

Communication from Richard Hunter, Mar. 7, 1991; used with permission. This represents Richard Hunter's personal opinion and is not an official Library of Congress statement.

  • Alleluia
    • DISTINCTIVE
  • Alleluja
    • DISTINCTIVE
  • Alleluya
    • DISTINCTIVE; LCCN 95-750144
  • Basse danse
    • TYPE (English, French, Spanish); the principal court dance during the late Middle Ages and Renaissance; use for bassa danza, bassadanza, basdans.
  • Bourrée/Bourrées
    • TYPE (English, French, German, Italian, Spanish); use for boree, burre. LCNAF n94-111318
  • Boutade
    • TYPE (French); 18th-century term for a dance or whole ballet in a fanciful and playful style; the name given to an improvised piece of instrumental music, which, if written down, would have been given the title caprice or fantaisie; use for butada. LCNAF no98-55664
  • Chamber sonata
    • DISTINCTIVE (English)
  • Cortège/Cortèges
    • TYPE (English, French) LCCN 96-703525
  • Dixtuor
    • TYPE (English, French); a work for ten players; use for decimino, detsimet, Dezett. LCCN 99-389112. 
Add links to a section in the preface that would elaborate on when "double" makes a term distinctive (e.g., Double concerto) and when it refers to a compositional technique (e.g., double fugue):
  • Dopplequartett
  • Double concerto
  • Double fugue
  • Double quartet
  • Doppelquartett
  • Duettino/DuettiniDuettinos
    • TYPE (Italian); diminutive of duetto; a short and/or concise vocal or instrumental duet; Use the plural form Duettini when it appears as 1) part of a heading including another type (e.g., Soli e duettini, guitars (2) (MDAR no98-45667)) or as 2) a distinctive title for what are actually trios (n96-22971). LCNAF 87-130822 LCNAF n97-58509
  • Dumka/Dumkas
    • TYPE (English, French, German, Italian, Russian, Spanish); a type of Ukrainain folk music whose name was adopted in Slavonic countries in the 19th century as a term for a sung lament and later as an instrumental piece. LCCN 89-751432
  • Dumky
    • (English); plural form of dumka; use dumkas.
  • Ejercicio / Ejercicios
    • DISTINCTIVE TYPE (Spanish) LCCN 86-752547 
  • Esercizio / Esercizi
    • DISTINCTIVE (Italian) LCCN 93-700894
      TYPE (Italian); treat as a type of composition when the term is used to mean "study," "etude," etc. LCNAF n97-951265 
  • Exercise/Exercises
    • DISTINCTIVE TYPE (English); treat as a type of composition when the term is used to mean "study," "etude," etc. LCCN 96-706002
  • Fandango/Fandangos
    • TYPE (English, French, German, Italian, Spanish, Russian) LCCN 86-755304; LCCN 97-708221
  • Fantasietta/Fantasiettas
    • TYPE (English, Italian)
  • Forlana
    • (German, Italian, Spanish, Russian); use forlane.
  • Forlane
    • TYPE (English, French); Italian folkdance; use for forlana, furlana.
  • Furiant/Furiants
    • TYPE (English, French, German, Italian, Russian, Spanish); an exuberant Bohemian folkdance. LCCN 94-771946
  • Furlana
  • Halleluia
    • DISTINCTIVE
  • Halleluja
    • DISTINCTIVE
  • Hallelujah
    • DISTINCTIVE LCNAF n94-65886
  • Halleluya
    • DISTINCTIVE LCCN 88-752236
  • Halleluyah
    • DISTINCTIVE
  • Kammersonate
    • DISTINCTIVE (German) LCNAF n97-27427
  • Kamernaia sonata
    • DISTINCTIVE (Russian) 
  • Ländler/Ländlers Ländler
    • [remove final s]
  • Lento
    • TYPE (English, French, German, Italian, Spanish, Russian); LCNAF no98-5348
  • Musette/Musettes
    • TYPE (English, French, German, Italian, Spanish); a dance-like piece of pastoral character whose style is suggestive of the sound of the musette or bagpipe; use for miuzet. LCCN 95-751086/M; 88-751177 /M/r92; 82-743090 /R/r982
  • Noël/Noëls
    • TYPE (French); LCNAF n82-153156
  • Pisen/Pisne
    • TYPE (Czech); use for vocal works of this type in Czech; when an instrumental work is titled "Pisen," treat this title as distinctive. For vocal works, apply 25.30B1 a): do not add a medium of performance for works with the initial title element Songs, Lieder, etc. unless it differs from the implied medium of solo voice(s) with acc. for keyboard instrument (this does not apply to songs in a popular medium). Apply 25.30B10: accompaniment for works with the initial title element Songs, Lieder, etc.: when the work is accompanied by any medium other than a keyboard instrument, add the name(s) of the instrument(s) followed by "acc." If the work is unaccompanied, add "unacc." as the medium of performance. Use for specific collections, e.g., Klein, Gideon. [Pisne, op. 1], Krása, Hans [Pisne, clarinet, viola, violoncello acc.] or as the first word of a composer's distinctive title, e.g., Martinů, Bohuslav [Písně o Marii]. For miscellaneous collections use "song", e.g. [Songs. Selections] n94-95182
  • Psalm/Psalms
    • TYPE (English, German, Russian); for vocal works only; distinctive title for instrumental works; use in the language of the original and in the singular if a single psalm is qualified in a title by the number of the psalm. Give the numeral ...
  • Quadrille/Quadrilles
    • TYPE (English, French, German); popular 19th-century ballroom dance; use for cuadrilla, kadril, quadriglia. LCNAF no98-7167
  • Quartettino/Quartettinos
    • TYPE (Italian); because titles like Quartettino, Quintettino, etc. do not include the words quartet, quintet, etc., rule 25.30B3 cannot be applied; LCCN 85-751084
  • Quartettsatz
    • DISTINCTIVE (German) LCCN 94-772029
  • Quintettino/Quintettinos
    • TYPE (Italian); because titles like Quartettino, Quintettino, etc. do not include the words quartet, quintet, etc., rule 25.30B3 cannot be applied. LCCN 95-754183 /M/r98
  • Ricercare/Ricercars/Ricercari
    • TYPE (English, Italian); because there is no single accepted English form of name for either the singular or plural of this type, use whatever form used by the composer and maintain that form throughout for that composer; use for recercada, Ricercar, richerkar. LCCN 84-757355
  • Rondoletto/Rondolettos
    • TYPE (Italian) LCCN 99-385075
  • Scherzetto/Scherzetti
    • TYPE (English) LCNAF n83-121492
  • Seguidilla/Seguidillas
    • TYPE (Spanish); use "Seguidilla/seguidillas" and medium statement for vocal works. For an instrumental work, consider it a dance and use the plural form of the term, "Seguidillas," for both singular and plural forms, with medium statement.
  • Set/Sets
    • TYPE (English) LCNAF n98-64541
  • Sonata da camera
    • DISTINCTIVE (English, French, Italian, Spanish) LCNAF no98-60604
  • Sonata da chiesa
    • DISTINCTIVE (Italian) LCNAF no98-15129.
  • Sonata de cámara
    • DISTINCTIVE (Spanish)
  • Sonate da camera
    • DISTINCTIVE (Italian) LCCN 97-708718
  • Sonate de chambre
    • DISTINCTIVE (French)
  • Sonatinetta/Sonatinettas
    • TYPE (Italian) LCNAF no98-55462
    Song/Songs
    • TYPE (English); use for vocal works of this type in English; when an instrumental work is titled "Song," treat this title as distinctive.  For vocal works, apply 25.30B1 a): do not add a medium of performance for works with the initial title element Songs, Lieder, etc. unless it differs from the implied medium of solo voice(s) with acc. for keyboard instrument (this does not apply to songs in a popular medium). Apply 25.30B10: accompaniment for works with the initial title element Songs, Lieder, etc.: when the work is accompanied by any medium other than a keyboard instrument, add the name(s) of the instrument(s) followed by "acc." If the work is unaccompanied, add "unacc." as the medium of performance.  Use only ... for other languages see, e.g., ... pisen ... LCNAF 85-139914 

      Add this phrase to each of these terms:
       See Song for treatment:
      canción, Canzone, Chanson, Gesang, Lied, Melodie, Pisen, Pesnia, Romance, Vocalise.

  • Sousedská/Sousedsky
    • TYPE (Czech) LCCN 96-752783
  • Triple concerto
    • DISTINCTIVE (English) LCNAF 91-8791
  • Veränderung/Veränderungen
    • TYPE (German); treat as a type of composition when the term is used to mean "variations." LCNAF n94-31866
  • Vocalise/Vocalises
    • TYPE (English, French); for vocal works only; distinctive title for instrumental works; use for vocalización, ...