The U.S. Copyright Office has released a report on the study of issues surrounding orphan works and mass digitization projects. Recognizing that, while "...the use of individual orphan works and mass digitization offer considerable opportunities for the diffusion of creativity and learning... the public is deprived of the full benefit of such uses, not because rightsholders and users cannot agree to terms, but because a lack of information or inefficiencies in the licensing process prevent such negotiations from occurring in the first place." (p. 105)
Included in the report is a comparison of licensing provisions in other countries, as well as a draft and discussion of potential legislation.
The Music Library Association was among those parties that submitted comments, and at least one of our members participated in the public roundtables.
Read the full report here: Orphan Works and Mass Digitization: A Report of the Register of Copyrights